More than 2 million youth attend secondary schools in Kenya for a period of four years – Form 1-IV. In Form 1 & II, they study 13 subjects in FIVE main areas namely Mathematics, Science, Languages, Humanities and Technical. At the end of Form II, they are supposed to pick eight subjects which must include Mathematics, English, Kiswahili, at least TWO science subjects, at least ONE humanity and ONE Technical. They will have to sit for a final summative examination at the end of FORM IV which determines their placement in the tertiary and university levels.
The pressure to perform and get good grades has resulted to schools turning every opportunity for classwork. This pressure has been so much that students in some schools have resorted to disruptive behavior such as boycotting classes, or even burning the schools. Rarely has schools incorporated out of school programs such as robot building & coding, festivals, fairs & exhibitions, excursions, visits to museums to reinforce learning.
The lack of out of school programs has denied the Kenyan youth important skills that are acquired through hands-on experience. These programs have been associated with improved learning outcomes , reduced delinquent behavior among school going youth , increased interest in STEM related field among others. MUSPPA2STEM implements several programs at the secondary schools to supplement what happens in the classroom.
These programs include