Primary Education or elementary (pp1, pp2, grade 1-8) is the foundational level of all education systems. When a child joins school they are normally enthusiastic, optimistic, curious and eager to learn. During this early formative stage they develop into being independent and becomes self-conscious.
More than 2 million youth attend secondary schools in Kenya for a period of four years – Form 1-IV. In Form 1 & II, they study 13 subjects in FIVE main areas namely Mathematics, Science, Languages, Humanities and Technical. At the end of Form II, they are supposed to pick eight subjects which must include Mathematics, English, Kiswahili, at least TWO science subjects, at least ONE humanity and ONE Technical.
Students pursuing careers at the university and other tertiary institutions are presumed to have advanced knowledge and skills to apply them in their respective fields. They are considered frontrunners to those in secondary schools and best placed to be their mentors.
The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Target 4.4 calls for a “substantial increase in the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship” (UNESCO Institute for Statistics, 2018).